At an altitude of 17 metres, the municipality has an area of 74.2 km2 and has 32,000 inhabitants, a population that significantly increases due to the large flow of visitors during the summer season. Land, air and sea are the three basic elements that make San Javier a special place.
One of the two most important aspects of its economy is the land, which gives us food. The quality of the products of its agricultural area in El Mirador, La Grajuela, Roda, Los Saez de Tarquinales, Pozo Aledo or La Calavera, in the cutting edge of new technologies and placing San Javier in international markets.
On the heights, the General Air Force Academy trains the Army pilots and draws colours in the sky with the Acrobatic Patrol Águila (“eagle”).
And the sea that looks over San Javier through Santiago de la Ribera and La Manga del Mar Menor. The sea that comes to us doubly to suit all tastes. The Mar Menor of calm, warm and quite waters, and the Mediterranean, open sea and without limits that allow other cultures to come here and sharing them.
SAN JAVIER is a privileged corner of the Mediterranean that throughout history was chosen as a settlement by important civilizations, from the Palaeolithic to Roman and Arab times. Region of shepherds and fishermen, port of interest for Berber pirates and land of nobles and armoured knights in the 16th century.
From its origin, in small and scattered population centres in the 13th century built around watchtowers distributed all over the coastline, in some cases the name or surname is still retained as the name of the town as in Pacheco, Roldán or Pagán. Some ancient chronicles, such as Libro de Montería de Alfonso X (“book on hunting”) and Crónicas de Felipe II (“chronicles”), mention the rich wildlife and the beautiful landscapes; in fact, the Isla del Ciervo (“island of the deer”) retains the name of the animal that once lived there.
Under the auspices of these population centres, hermitages were built that at the beginning of the 17th century gave rise to the consolidation of caseríos (“groups of country houses”) such as the one in San Javier. A spot next to the route of Via Hercúlea, the largest Roman road in the Iberian Peninsula that passed through the surroundings of Cabezo Gordo.
At the beginning of the 18th century the incursions of the Turkish and Algerian pirates declined. The urban settlement became more stable, the demographic development and growing economic resources of the area ensured that, under the protection of the Cortes de Cádiz (Spanish national assembly), San Javier became an independent municipality on 16 September 1836.